Turecko proti Kurdům: Konflikt v Sýrii

26.11.2019

Turecko zahájilo ofenzivu "Pramen míru" a zaútočilo na kurské a arabské bojovníky a civilisty na severu Sýrie. Co stojí za nenávistí Turecka vůči Kurdům, jak se současná invaze vyvíjela a co na to svět?

OPRAVY 

1) Mike Pence není ministr zahraničí, ale viceprezident USA

2) "Peace spring" má znamenat "Proud míru" nebo "Mírový proud," nikoli pružinu. Ta mi přišla jako logický překlad, ale evidentně mylný.

ZDROJE

Knihy

"Islámský stát: Uvnitř armády teroru"; Michael Weiss, Hassan Hassan

Lenka Klicperová a Markéta Kutilová:

"Islámskému státu na dostřel (I a II)"; Mladá Fronta, 2015 a 2016

"Ve válce"; Universum, 2018

Historie Turecka

https://www.hri.org/docs/sevres/

https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/turkey-still-debates-whether-treaty-of-lausanne-was-a-fair-peace-deal-14632

https://www.armstrongeconomics.com/international-news/greece/erdogan-wants-to-revise-the-treaty-of-lausanne/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-42265260

Problematické Turecko

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-20028295

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/turkish-secularism-threat-180528131157715.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/08/business/turkey-economy-crisis.html

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-47522338

https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/turkey-erdogan-education/

https://turkeypurge.com/

https://www.vice.com/en_uk/article/kwp7aa/inside-erdogans-propaganda-mouthpiece

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/10/turkey-and-nato-troubled-relationship/599890/

https://mwi.usma.edu/nato-crossroads-turkey-becoming-problem-alliance/

https://anfenglish.com/news/writer-asli-erdogan-turks-learn-to-hate-kurds-in-primary-school-38705

https://www.dw.com/en/kurds-in-turkey-increasingly-subject-to-violent-hate-crimes/a-50940046

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/10/turkish-jets-bomb-pkk-targets-southeast-2014101492853176434.html

Kurdové

https://pure.fak.dk/files/7248264/The_Kurds_of_Syria.pdf

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/13/world/middleeast/kurds-syria-turkey-trump.html

Islámský stát

https://www.stratcomcoe.org/daesh-propaganda-and-after-its-collapse

Rusko

https://web.archive.org/web/20080920152448/https://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2008-09-19-Russia-defense_N.htm

https://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesrodgerseurope/2019/10/29/putin-and-the-military-russias-question-of-trust/

https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/39554171/why-does-russia-support-syria-and-president-assad

https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_50090.htm

Aktuální vývoj v Sýrii

https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/statement-press-secretary-85/

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/10/danger-abandoning-our-partners/599632/

https://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=144078

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/oct/14/kurds-endless-war-turkey-erdogan

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50080737

https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trump-faces-bipartisan-criticism-for-syria-withdrawal/2019/10/13/35da3026-edde-11e9-8693-f487e46784aa_story.html

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/23/russia-steps-up-presence-north-east-syria-after-turkey-deal

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/us-and-turkey-reach-agreement-temporarily-suspend-military-operation-syria

https://eu.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/10/24/pentagon-planning-send-tanks-armor-syria-protect-oil-fields/4089195002/

Operace "Olivová ratolest"

https://www.psp.cz/sqw/hlasy.sqw?G=67439

https://www.dailysabah.com/politics/2018/05/17/afrin-wont-be-returned-to-syrian-regime-turkey-says

Zabití vůdce ISIS

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/28/visual-guide-to-the-raid-that-killed-isis-leader-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi